The pyramid, a figure used to facilitate understanding the way wealth is distributed Brazilian´s economic devlopment can be replaced it by a lozenge. A strong and steady income redistribution initiated in 2003 in Brazil is changing the geometric figure and then the expression “social lozenge” will be used in place of “social pyramid“.
When hierarchical criteria for economic income, the Brazilian socidade is officially stratified in social classes A, B, C1, C2, D and E. The class A, recognized as upper middle class is formed by professionals. The class B or average class is composed of members of the administrative sectors and professionals with income below the professions of the upper middle class. The class C is in class C1 sub-stratified lower middle class formed by ordinary workers, and C2 formed by skilled workers . The class D consists of unskilled and class E, formed by those who can not be included in one of the previous statements.
The strong program to remove Brazilians from extreme poverty, class E that includes dependents of the government and its social programs implemented mainly in the last 10 years has given rise to a new class C, D and E result of social mobility in the period. Considering that only the households in extreme poverty and the poor is possible to notice that there was some mobility between classes C , D and E , mainly. Data from IBGE claim that the number of households classified as living in extreme poverty was 5.25 million in 2001, but in 2009 totaled 3.30 million. Poor households in 2001 were 12.9 million in 2009 were numbered 9.30 million.
Indicators from SIS-2010 publication, a Summary of indicators analyzes the social conditions of life of the population. Your goal is to allow to have a broader knowledge of Brazilian social reality. Reducing the number of households in extreme state of poverty and poor indicates that the base of the pyramid funneled the period.
The vertical displacement and acendente groups or individuals in a pyramid of social stratification based on only wages or income criteria is insufficient to assert any situation of social mobility. However, within its objectives, social programs has removed much of the population was in a state of poverty or extreme poverty. So much so that the base of the pyramid is today less than 1 % of households in extreme state of poverty , and its individuals moved immediately suporior classes.
This movement is persistent has the characteristic to change strata in the number of individuals in each of them, making increasingly tapered base . The social pyramid can be replaced by a social lozenge.